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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

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{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\fswiss\cpg0\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f2\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f3\fswiss\cpg1252\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f4\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f5\fswiss\cpg1251\fcharset204 Arial;}{\f6\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f7\fswiss\cpg1250\fcharset238 Arial;}{\f8\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f9\fswiss\cpg1257\fcharset186 Arial;}{\f10\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f11\fswiss\cpg1254\fcharset162 Arial;}{\f12\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f13\fswiss\cpg1253\fcharset161 Arial;}{\f14\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}{\f15\fswiss\cpg1255\fcharset177 Arial;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f2\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl2860\margr3682\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn2860\margrsxn3682\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li18\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\tx1508 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-14\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 3o8{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw5 THE PRAYAGA ASSEMBLY}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li18\fi0\ri0\sb234\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw2\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 certain that the victory of Yuan Chwang in this assembly \expndtw7 of public disputation considerably enhanced his pres\-\expndtw4 tige and influence over Harsa, who honoured and re\-verenced him more than ever by precious gifts, but the \expndtw9 pilgrim in a rare religious spirit respectfully declined \expndtw14 to accept any of them.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb162\sa0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw4\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs23 Quinquennial distributions at Prayaga\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'b1}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li22\fi493\ri7\sb112\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw6\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 When the special assembly at Kanauj broke up, \expndtw4 Harsa invited Yuan Chwang to witness his sixth quin\-\expndtw-1 quennial distribution of alms \i (Mahd-moksa Parisad] \i0 at \expndtw3 Prayaga at the sacred confluence of the Ganges and the \expndtw19 Jumna. The latter, although homesick, agreed to \expndtw5 be present at that unique function, which was attended \expndtw4 by Dhruvabhata, "king of South India", Kumararaja \expndtw3 (Bhaskaravarman) of Assam and other royalties, besides \expndtw-1 a vast concourse of people amounting to about 500,000\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'97 \expndtw5\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 Sramanas, heretics, Nirgranthas, the poor, the orphans \expndtw4 and the bereaved of the Five Inclias, who had been \expndtw8 summoned by an Imperial decree. The "Great dis\-\expndtw3 tribution Arena" was the immense sandy plain between \expndtw4 the rivers, and the proceedings lasted for seventy-five \expndtw3 days, commencing with an impressive procession. The \expndtw7 religious services were of the curiously eclectic kind, \expndtw12 so characteristic of Hindu society and worship. On \expndtw4 the first day the statue of the Buddha was set up in one \expndtw1 of (he temporary shrines built upon the sands, and was \expndtw6 honoured by costly offerings and lavish distributions. \expndtw1 On the second day the image of Adityadeva (Sun) was worshipped and on the third day the idol of IsVara-dcva (Siva) was offered adoration, but in each case the gifts \expndtw3 bestowed were only half the value of those consecrated to the Buddha on the opening day. On the fourth day \expndtw5 generous gifts were given to Buddhist monks. During \expndtw8 the next twenty days Brahmans were the recipients of}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li454\fi0\ri0\sb202\sa0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw2\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 1\nosupersub  See \i Life, \i0 pp. 183-87.}\par }